Showing posts with label Cities. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Cities. Show all posts

Delhi: India's Historical City.

New Delhi, the modern capital of India, is situated immediately south of the city of Deli, now called Old Delhi. Both cities have so much growth since achieving independence that they have melded into a greater Delhi. Old Delhi’s many monuments are excellent examples of Indo-Muslim architecture, Pashtun style architecture, which features find domes and tiles, and Mughal styles, which use elaborate surfaces and marble, as evidenced in the principal mosque. The crumbling ruins of 4000-years old forts can be seen in many places unattended and unrespected.

Old Delhi on its current site was built by Shah Jahan in 1638, who ruled from his famous peacock throne of emeralds, diamonds and rubies. Delhi was then the capital of succession of empires, including the Mui’izzi Dynasty in the thirteenth century, the Mughal Empire, under Babur, in the sixteenth century, and the Persia Empire in the eighteenth century. Persians took the empire’s prized 109 carat Koh-e-noor diamond, which was later presented to Queen Victoria by the East India Company in 1850. Of the many emperors who have ruled from Delhi, Seven have rebuilt the city on nearby sites. Historians report that Delhi’s smaller settlements number 15. New Delhi, designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, was built as the capital of British India in 1912.

Once confined to the west bank of the Yamuna River, a tributary of the Ganges, Delhi has grown to 572.9 square miles (1484 square kilometers) and encompasses the city of New Delhi, the sites of former Delhi’s and the eastern bank of the river. The population had exploded to 30.29 million by 2020, up from 193,000 in 1980. The boom has led to the overcrowding and proven problems that are endemic in India’s major cities.

Most of the people consider New Delhi as the most beautifully designed and grandly conceived capital in the World, and they are correct. There are some eye-catching and beautiful sites, in Delhi, attracting the tourists.

Qutub Minar is one of the best sites for tourists. Qutab-ud-din Aibak was the first one who commenced the construction of the Qutb Minar in 1200 AD, but could only finish the basement. His successor, IItutmush, added three more storeys, and in 1368, Firoz Shah Tughlak constructed its fifth and the last storey. The Qutub Minar, the highest tower in India, is raising up to 73 meter in the air.

Qutub Minar.
The Iron Pillar is a structure 7.2 meters high with 16 inches diameter, was constructed by King Chandra, and now stands in the Qutub complex in Delhi. The pillar weighs more than 3000 kg, an interesting fact about it is that it is highly resistant to corrosion. People think it don’t corrode because it has high phosphorous content. Although it is one of the best sites for tourists.

Iron Pillar.
Agrasen Ki Baoli is a historical monument, it is 60 meter long and 15 meter wide step wall situated near Connaught Place, in New Delhi. Although there are no known historical records to prove who actually built the Agrasen Ki Baoli, it is belived that it was built by the Indian Legendary King Agrasen.

Agrasen Ki Baoli.
Delhi has seen many up’s and down’s throughout its life. Delhi has been ruled out by many emperors since the 8th century, the first one to come here was Muhammad bin Qasim, the son of yousuf bin qasim, after his time hundreds of emperors, belonging to different religions, ruled this historical city. The line of rulers came to an end by the time of Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last Mughal emperor.


Karachi: The largest City of Pakistan

Karachi is the largest city of Pakistan, located in southeastern part of the country. The city is an important industrial center and port on the coast of Arabian Sea. It covers about 3,527 km² area. The two rivers namely River Malir and River Lyari flow through the city. The Karachi harbour is situated on the south-west part of the city. The city has a vast coastline running from Cape Monze in the west to Gharo in the east, but the beaches and islands of Karachi provide rare opportunities for recreation and tourism.

The geographical co-ordinates of the city are: 24°51′36″N and 67°00′36″E.
As the city is located on the coast of Arabian Sea; it tends to have a moderate climate due to marine affects. The average rainfall of the city is around 7 inches per annum. However, the city experiences bulk precipitation during the monsoon season in July-August. Summers are scorching in the city, with May and June being the hottest months of the year, when temperatures often reach the 45°C mark. Winters are mild and January is the coldest month. Winter is the best time to visit the city

Historical Background:

Karachi was actually a small fisherman village settled by the Baloch tribes from Balochistan and Makran. Their first settlement was near the delta of the Indus River which they named as 'Kolachi’ village. The people of the original community yet inhabit the area on small island of Abdullah Goth situated near Karachi Port. The well-known neighbourhood ‘Mai Kolachi’ of Karachi still reminds the original name of the city.

At the end of 1700 century, the settlers of Kolachi village started trading across the sea with Muscat and the Persian Gulf region. Later, the village started to grow as the commercial hub and a port for trade. For the protection of this developing area, a small fort was constructed. This fort was handed over to the rulers of Sindh by the Khan of Kalat in 1795.

When the British recognized the importance of the city as the trade post. So they captured the city and Sindh province in February 1843 under the command of Sir Charles Napier and the city was annexed as a district of the British Indian Empire. In 1846, it was home to around 9000 citizens. On 10 September, 1857, the 21st Native Infantry stationed in Karachi revolted against the British in its First Indian War for Independence, but the plan was busted by the British who regained the control over the city very quickly.

In 1864, the first telegraphic message was sent by a direct telegraph connection between Karachi and London. In 1878, the city was connected by a railway line to the rest of India and consequently public building projects like Frere Hall (1865) and the Empress Market (1890) were started in the city. Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born in this city.

The Bombay District Municipal Act 1837 was extended to Sindh in 1878 and the urban area of Karachi was included in the city. The Municipality started to collect House Tax on Property owners, being first municipality to collect the tax in the sub-continent. By the end of 19th century, the city was home to around 105,000 people.

Karachi City Municipal Act was propagated in 1933 and the Municipality of Karachi was given the status of Municipal Corporation. At the same time, the status of President and Vice President were replaced by Mayor and Dy. Mayor respectively. It consisted by 57 Councilors residing in Karachi. In 1933, Mr. Jamshed Naserwanji was elected as the first Mayor of the city who had earlier served as elected President for about 20 years. The city was declared as the capital of the newly formed Sindh province in 1936.

When Pakistan was declared as a separate country in 1947, Karachi was chosen as the Capital of Pakistan. During this period, the city offered shelter to a huge influx of migrants and refugees that came from the Indian province. In 1960, the capital of Pakistan was first moved to Rawalpindi and then to Islamabad. Still Karachi never lost its importance as the economic center of Pakistan.

Places to Visit in Karachi:

1- Quaid-E-Azam's Mausoleum:
Quaid-E-Azam's Mausoleum is a monumental tomb (Mazar-e-Quaid) of Pakistan's founder, Mohammad Ali Jinnah. Situated near the city of Karachi, the tomb was built in the 1960's. The mausoleum also contains the graves of Fatima Jinnah (sister of Quaid-e-Azam), Mader-e-Millat (Mother of the nation), and Liaqat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan. The mausoleum was completed in 1970, and it is also the iconic symbol of Karachi.

2- National Museum of Pakistan:
It was established in 1950, the National Museum of Pakistan collects preserves and studies various artefacts associated with Pakistani cultural heritage. The museum was relocated to its present address at Burnes Garden in 1970 with four galleries. Today there are eleven galleries including the Quran gallery which exhibits 300 identical copies of Quran. Other galleries showcase, collections sourced from the Indus & Gandhar civilization, Islamic Art and Pakistan's political history

3- Clifton Beach:
The popular Clifton Beach in Karachi with its golden sands, amusement park and a plethora of food stalls attracts tourists very much. Situated in Saddar Town, the beach is encircled by numerous handicraft shops selling local crafts and sea shell items. Many tourists and locals come here in the evenings to stroll down the sparkling sands or enjoy a small, cozy picnic with their loved ones. Nearby the beach is Funland amusement park with a bowling alley & aquarium, Shrine of Hazrat Abdullah Shah Ghazi and a vantage point to view the Oyster Island.


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