Showing posts with label history. Show all posts
Showing posts with label history. Show all posts

Delhi: India's Historical City.

New Delhi, the modern capital of India, is situated immediately south of the city of Deli, now called Old Delhi. Both cities have so much growth since achieving independence that they have melded into a greater Delhi. Old Delhi’s many monuments are excellent examples of Indo-Muslim architecture, Pashtun style architecture, which features find domes and tiles, and Mughal styles, which use elaborate surfaces and marble, as evidenced in the principal mosque. The crumbling ruins of 4000-years old forts can be seen in many places unattended and unrespected.

Old Delhi on its current site was built by Shah Jahan in 1638, who ruled from his famous peacock throne of emeralds, diamonds and rubies. Delhi was then the capital of succession of empires, including the Mui’izzi Dynasty in the thirteenth century, the Mughal Empire, under Babur, in the sixteenth century, and the Persia Empire in the eighteenth century. Persians took the empire’s prized 109 carat Koh-e-noor diamond, which was later presented to Queen Victoria by the East India Company in 1850. Of the many emperors who have ruled from Delhi, Seven have rebuilt the city on nearby sites. Historians report that Delhi’s smaller settlements number 15. New Delhi, designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, was built as the capital of British India in 1912.

Once confined to the west bank of the Yamuna River, a tributary of the Ganges, Delhi has grown to 572.9 square miles (1484 square kilometers) and encompasses the city of New Delhi, the sites of former Delhi’s and the eastern bank of the river. The population had exploded to 30.29 million by 2020, up from 193,000 in 1980. The boom has led to the overcrowding and proven problems that are endemic in India’s major cities.

Most of the people consider New Delhi as the most beautifully designed and grandly conceived capital in the World, and they are correct. There are some eye-catching and beautiful sites, in Delhi, attracting the tourists.

Qutub Minar is one of the best sites for tourists. Qutab-ud-din Aibak was the first one who commenced the construction of the Qutb Minar in 1200 AD, but could only finish the basement. His successor, IItutmush, added three more storeys, and in 1368, Firoz Shah Tughlak constructed its fifth and the last storey. The Qutub Minar, the highest tower in India, is raising up to 73 meter in the air.

Qutub Minar.
The Iron Pillar is a structure 7.2 meters high with 16 inches diameter, was constructed by King Chandra, and now stands in the Qutub complex in Delhi. The pillar weighs more than 3000 kg, an interesting fact about it is that it is highly resistant to corrosion. People think it don’t corrode because it has high phosphorous content. Although it is one of the best sites for tourists.

Iron Pillar.
Agrasen Ki Baoli is a historical monument, it is 60 meter long and 15 meter wide step wall situated near Connaught Place, in New Delhi. Although there are no known historical records to prove who actually built the Agrasen Ki Baoli, it is belived that it was built by the Indian Legendary King Agrasen.

Agrasen Ki Baoli.
Delhi has seen many up’s and down’s throughout its life. Delhi has been ruled out by many emperors since the 8th century, the first one to come here was Muhammad bin Qasim, the son of yousuf bin qasim, after his time hundreds of emperors, belonging to different religions, ruled this historical city. The line of rulers came to an end by the time of Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last Mughal emperor.


The Forbidden Tomb of Genghis Khan

Given the name Temujin at birth, Genghis khan went on to unite disparate nomadic tribes to establish the Mongol Empire, winning himself a reputation as one of history’s most feared warriors in the process. In accordance with his wishes, he was buried in the utmost secrecy: the  location of his tomb remains one of history’s enduring conundrums, despite numerous attempts for finding it.

Temujin was in his mid-40s by the time he became the leader of the Mongols in the early 13th century. During his reign, he laid the foundations for a vast empire that would eventually stretch from china to Hungary, taking a title, Genghis Khan, that struck fear into hearts of both subjects and rivals. But he was more than a bloodthirsty tyrant, introducing a written language system.

He died in 1227, aged around 65. The exact cause of his death is disputed, with explanation ranging from riding accident to illness. Regardless, it was his wish to be buried in secret in accordance with tribal custom, his testing place to remain unmarked. To this end, extraordinary and infamous precautions were undertaken. Legend has it that members of his funeral escort slaughtered any person unfortunate enough to stray across their path. The slaves who built the tomb were murdered once it was completed so that they could not divulge its location, and the soldiers who killed them were in turn dispatched. It is said that the ground was then trampled by horses, planted with trees and even had a river diverted over it to hide the tomb entrance.

Debate ranges as to the location of the emperor’s body. Many believe that it is probably in Mongolia’s Khentii Province, perhaps close to the sacred Burkhan Kaldun mountain where Temujin was born. In 2004, an archaeological team claimed to have found his long-last palace in this region, which many experts assume would have been close to his final resting place.

Yet the grave remains elusive and that is no doubt what Gengish khan would want.


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